Competency and Proficiency Areas
The GPR program has a structured didactic and clinical experience that will address the following Competencies, required for dental practice.
Planning and Providing Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Oral Health Care
- Function as a patient's primary, and comprehensive, oral health care provider.
- Explain and discuss with patients, or parents or guardians of patients, findings, diagnoses, treatment options, realistic treatment expectations, patient responsibilities, time requirements, sequence of treatment, estimated fees and payment responsibilities in order to establish a therapeutic alliance between the patient and care provider.
- Integrate multiple disciplines into an individualized, comprehensive, sequenced treatment plan using diagnostic and prognostic information for patients with complex needs.
- Modify the treatment plan, if indicated, based on unexpected circumstances or patient's individual needs.
- Diagnose and manage a patient's occlusion.
- Use proper hospital protocol when treating and managing patients in a hospital environment.
- Provide dental treatment in an operating room.
- Perform dental consultations and request medical consultations for hospitalized patients and patients in other health care settings.
- Treatment complicated diseases and abnormalities of the pediatric patient.
Health Care Delivery
- Treat patients efficiently in a dental practice setting.
- Use scheduling systems and insurance and financial arrangements to maximize production in dental practice.
- Support the program's mission statement by acting in a manner to maximize patient satisfaction in a dental practice.
- Use and implement accepted sterilization, disinfection, universal precautions and occupational hazard prevention procedures in the practice of dentistry.
- Provide patient care by working effectively with allied dental personnel, including performing sit-down, four-handed dentistry.
- Provide dental care as a part of an inter-professional health care team such as that found in a hospital, institution, or community health care environment.
- Practice and promote ethical principles in the practice of dentistry and in relationships with patients, personnel, and colleagues.
- Participate in organized dentistry.
Information Management and Analysis
- Evaluate scientific literature and other sources of information to determine the safety and effectiveness of medications and diagnostic, preventive, and treatment modalities, and make decisions regarding the use of new and existing medications, procedures, materials, and concepts.
- Take advantage of available information technology and evaluate state-of-the-art information systems as they are developed.
- Maintain a patient record system that facilitates the retrieval and analysis of the process and outcomes of patient treatment.
- Analyze the outcomes of patient treatment to improve that treatment.
- Design and implement a system for continuous quality improvement in a dental practice.
Oral Disease Detection and Diagnosis
- Select and use assessment techniques to arrive at a differential, provisional and definitive diagnosis for patients with complex needs.
- Obtain and interpret the patient's chief complaint, medical, dental, and social history, and review of systems.
- Obtain and interpret clinical and radiographic data and additional diagnostic information from other health care providers or other diagnostic resources.
- Use the services of clinical, medical, and pathology laboratories and refer to other health professionals for the utilization of these services.
- Perform a limited history and physical evaluation and collect other data in order to establish a risk assessment for dental treatment and use that risk assessment in the development of a dental treatment plan.
- Manage intraoral soft tissue lesions of non-traumatic origin.
- Diagnose and manage oral manifestations of systemic disease.
- Diagnose and manage common oral pathological abnormalities.
Promoting Oral and Systemic Health and Disease Prevention
- Participate in community programs to prevent and reduce the incidence of oral disease.
- Use accepted prevention strategies such as oral hygiene instruction, nutritional education, and pharmacologic intervention to help patients maintain and improve their oral and systemic health.
- Treat patients with a broad variety of acute and chronic systemic disorders and social difficulties including patients with special needs.
- Develop and carry out dental treatment plans for patients with special needs in a manner that considers and integrates those patient's medical, psychological, and social needs.
Sedation, Pain, and Anxiety Control
- Use pharmacologic and non pharmacologic behavior management skills with the pediatric patient.
- Use pharmacologic agents in the treatment of dental patients.
- Provide control of pain and anxiety utilizing behavior and/or pharmacological techniques.
- Prevent, recognize, and manage complications related to use and interactions of drugs, local anesthesia, and conscious sedation.
- Restore teeth with a wide range of materials and methods.
- Place restorations and perform techniques to enhance patient's facial esthetics.
- Restore endodontically treated teeth.
Replacement of Teeth Using Fixed and Removable Appliances
- Restoration of the edentulous space
- Communicate case design with laboratory technicians and evaluate the resultant prostheses.
- Perform and maintain uncomplicated endosseous implant restorations.
- Restore intra and extra-coronal defects in the primary dentition.
- Diagnose and treat early and moderate periodontal disease using non-surgical and surgical procedures.
- Manage advanced periodontal disease.
- Evaluate the results of periodontal treatment and establish and monitor a periodontal maintenance program.
- Diagnose and treat pain of pulpal origin.
- Perform uncomplicated non-surgical anterior endodontic therapy.
- Perform uncomplicated non-surgical posterior endodontic therapy.
- Manage post-treatment endodontic complications.
- Manage complex post-treatment endodontic complications.
- Perform pediatric pulpal therapy.
Hard and Soft Tissue Surgery
- Perform uncomplicated surgical procedures on pediatric patients.
- Perform surgical and nonsurgical extraction of teeth.
- Extract uncomplicated impacted wisdom teeth.
- Perform uncomplicated pre-prosthetic surgery.
- Perform biopsies of oral tissues.
- Treat patients with complications related to intra-oral surgical procedures.
Treatment of Dental and Medical Emergencies
- Treat patients with intra-oral dental emergencies and infections.
- Anticipate, diagnose and provide initial treatment and follow-up management for medical emergencies that may occur during dental treatment.
- Treat intraoral hard and soft tissue lesions of traumatic origin.