Biomedical research is the search for answers to medical questions. These investigations lead to discoveries, which lead to the development of new preventions, therapies and cures for human health.
The primary objective of Basic Science Research is the advancement of knowledge and our understanding of the fundamental aspects of human disease. Exploratory in nature, basic science research is often driven by curiosity and conducted without a practical endpoint in mind, although it can have unforeseen benefits with practical applications.
Understanding the changes in cells and molecules associated with illnesses provides the fundamental knowledge that eventually leads to new ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent a wide variety of ailments. Basic research does not necessarily produce results that are immediately relevant for medical care, but the knowledge gained often is essential for progress in the various steps involved in new discoveries and new treatments.
The Winthrop-University Hospital Research Institute has several basic science laboratories dedicated to understanding diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, osteoporosis, preterm birth, and rheumatoid arthritis.