Cancer Quality at NYU Winthrop Hospital Center for Cancer Care
Cancer Prevention and Screening Programs 2016
Each calendar year, NYU Winthrop Hospital's Cancer Committee organizes and offers cancer prevention and screening programs designed to reduce the incidence of specific cancer types and they are targeted to meet the prevention needs of the community. Each prevention program is consistent with evidence-based national guidelines for cancer prevention. Head and Neck Cancers, Human Papilloma Virus Prevention and Skin Cancer Screening were a few of the programs that the Cancer Committee held in 2016.
HPV Prevention and Vaccination
In collaboration with Hempstead Pediatric, Winthrop Pediatrics and Village Pediatrics, the Cancer Committee offered Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) series vaccines designed to decrease the number of patients with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Research has shown that HPV can lead to various types of cancer. The cancer prevention initiative was targeted to meet the screening needs of the community.
Patients between the ages of 10 to 21 years of age from Hempstead Pediatrics, Winthrop Pediatrics and Village Pediatrics were treated between 12/1/2015 and 11/30/2016.
NYU Winthrop Hospital's
HPV Vaccine Rates for 2016
82% total boy and girls of all eligible patients seen between 12/1/2015 - 11/30/2016.
- 382 out of 467 girls received the vaccine (81%)
- 395 out of 472 boys received the vaccine (83%)
40% total boys and girls of all eligible patients seen between 12/1/2015 - 11/30/2016.
- 400 out of 892 girls received the vaccine (45%)
- 280 out of 815 boys received the vaccine (34%)
60% total boys and girls of all eligible patients seen between 12/1/2015 - 11/30/2016.
- 1077 out of 1753 girls received the vaccine (61%)
- 1057 out of 1933 boys received the vaccine (55%)
Head and Neck Cancer Screening
NYU Winthrop Hospital's first annual Head and Neck Cancer screening program began on June 11, 2016 and was sponsored by the Head & Neck Cancer Alliance and NYU Winthrop Hospital's Department of Dental, ENT and Radiation Oncology. 18 people were screened, 4 people required additional nasal endoscopy for better visualization. All 4 patients' results were negative and patients were referred to their primary doctor for routine follow up.
Skin Cancer Assessments
Skin Assessments and Patient Education: an Emphasis on Cancer Prevention and Early Detection
Skin cancer rates dramatically rise in frequency; over 1 million new cases are diagnosed annually. NYU Winthrop Hospital is educating nurses to strengthen their physical assessment and decision-making skills with regard to skin cancer lesions. This enables nurses to distinguish between benign and cancerous lesions and direct patients to accurate information about skin cancer.
NYU Winthrop's study was conducted by Kristin Ditzel, CMS, RN in collaboration with Victoria Siegel RN, CNS, EdD, Molloy College. In the context of the study, they examined 6 medical surgical units using pre-and-post test quasi-experimental and control group design. All nurses received a pre-test to assess their skin cancer knowledge and role of the nurse. Two units were designated as control groups and received pre-test and post-tests only. Four units were designated as the intervention units and they received pre-test, lecture, Vimeo, scripts to use when educating patients and post-test. As a result, the intervention group, 17 items out of 39 were observed to have responses consistent with increased knowledge and roles from pre-test to post-test.
In summary, nurses increased knowledge and ability to assess skin cancer lesions. Nurses possessed an increased comfort level in obtaining patient histories and conducting patient teaching. Additional education is needed to assist nurses in distinguishing between different lesions. In the future, NYU Winthrop hopes to expand the number of medical units that involve nurses in the Skin Cancer Assessment program.